Monday, January 14, 2013

History of Baju Kurung Malaysia


Baju kurung (Jawi: باجو كوروڠ) is the traditional attire for Malay women. Baju Kurung divided into two Baju Kurung Men and Women. Baju Kurung men also referred to as the Malay shirt. It became the official dress for Malaysia and Brunei, can also be found in Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand. There are two types of baju Baju Kurung and Baju Kurung claypot Gulf Tiny Weasel. This shirt suitable to be worn by all classes of society regardless of age. Baju Kurung is also used to attend the wedding ceremony, religious ceremony, and formal occasions. In Malaysia, all women generally wear baju melayu as traditional attire includes formal attire primary and secondary school students. Only designs and cuts baju vary somewhat by state.

In line with the times, now many haute modern design has emerged and accepted by the Malays. Although in general we have accepted modern influence in everyday clothes, but still baju women preferred to be styled. The difference, design baju kurung now more contemporary but still retains original features.

In addition there is a change at the cut and shape, to produce a more modern design and creative, baju kurung also decorated with embroidery, filigree, beads or sequins. Material for producing baju also changed. Now, there is a wide selection of materials including satin, organza, chiffon, silk, batik, linens and more. Changes are made to conform with the current situation or event to be attended by other than trying to imitate the style of foreign deductions may seek to look more elegant. Now there is a wide variation baju and it is known as Baju Kurung Modern.

Although baju kurung has evolved in line with changing times and tastes of the wearer, but the designs are still the same. It is still comfortable and well worn sweet girl showing politeness East and Malay cultural superiority.


Historically, baju kurung supposed to be related with the dress 'djallabiyah' which originated in Egypt, where it is interpreted as a loose shirt. It is difficult to prove exactly since when baju kurung was first created and used by the Malays. The question of who is first to produce and wear baju kurung arises because in its original form has been used by various ethnic groups in the archipelago. Based on some of the information;

Archjadi Judi (1986), baju kurung was introduced in Indonesia by Muslim traders and India. However, the deduction is also believed that this shirt has received a Middle Eastern influences like tunic shaped neck incision, the neck shape is first used by the ancient Arabs.

During the Age of the Malacca Sultanate, the people have had their own clothing, the original Malay baju kurung, dresses worn by them was then in a state different from the strict and short kurung now loose and long. Based on the information Malay History, Tun Hassan Temenggung was the first to modify the original design baju Melayu shirt design worn now.

A clothing and textile historians, Gettinger (1979) also have expressed baju kurung is clothing worn by dancers palace in Palembang. He also said the popular clothing in Sumatra in the 20th century.
Tenas Effendy (1989) has raised the old expression in Riau province, the area closest to the Malay Malaysia (Peninsular Malaya) about baju kurung. Baju kurung is described by her baju kurung bay pot or stitches sewn with eel bones in the neck that looks smooth and neat. This dress is a dress women who are courteous and dress every member in the community for various functions and custom.

By Siti Zainon (2006), the baju kurung is a popular costume among the Malays. Clothing refers to the long pattern shirt for women, while short patterns for men's shirts. Baju kurung has specific features that distinguish it from other clothing. Meaning brackets similar to the concept of the body garment. This feature is found to comply with the concept of Malay way after the advent of Islam. He also found a variety of brackets inspired clothes, which is Kurung Pahang, Kedah Bracket, Bracket Bracket Tiny Weasel and Gulf claypot. Now the loose baju knees simply referred to as baju kurung only and has been devoted to women's clothing.

Baju Kurung Gulf claypot

Baju Kurung or Baju Kurung claypot Bay Johor was first introduced during the reign of the late Sultan Abu Bakar when late bersemanyam in claypot Gulf Singapore and moved to Tanjung Puteri in 1866 (now known as Johor Bahru). Defunct stipulates that female shirt labuhnya to below the knee with a fine cloth and not berkocek neck. There are various forms of embroidery that matched in the neck as the eyes of flies, eel bones and gill rays. During the reign of the late Sultan Ibrahim, the son of Sultan Abu Bakar dress was modified according to the recommendations late Jaafar bin Haji Muhammad, Minister of Johor First, a pocket on the shirt girl. Today, Baju Kurung Gulf claypot become synonymous with the traditional baju standard. He wore cloth stacked on the left.

Baju Kurung Tiny Weasel

Tiny Weasel Baju Kurung Baju Kurung is the same except for the Gulf claypot neck. Tiny Baju Kurung neck collar fox there. Collar is only one finger width and vertical position. At the front of the collar there is a single-aperture length. Deduction shirt is believed to receive influence from India and China.

Baju Kurung Kedah

Baju Kurung Kedah believed to have originated from southern Thailand, because of the shirt resembles a short blouse made short reaches in the southern Thai butt. Baju Kurung Kedah consisting of a loose and made of chintz (cotton) are small floral or thick or thin gauze rare and betel oval neck incision. Baju Kurung Kedah worn with a sarong. Ambak sarong tied groove and in the left or right. Orissa shirt can be characterized as daily wear or clothes wetting.

Baju Kurung Malacca

Traditional clothing of Malacca Malay women comfortable shirt pot with bay brackets have sibar dihiiasi pectoral fly from beads and sequins velvet determined.

Baju Kurung Pahang

Baju Kurung Pahang or known sabagai Baju Kurung Pahang Riau reveal the history between Riau and Pahang state. Although Riau and Madhya Pradesh are the two states are far apart, political and socio-cultural relations that prevailed during the days of the Malacca Sultanate was evident with the creation of this dress cuts, also known as Baju Kebaya Gown Shopping or Turkey. Unlike pesak baju kurung, both sides of the Baju Kurung Pahang Riau connected berpesak fluffy hanging snicker. This high collared shirt once worn very interesting with seven or nine items button.